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2014年中考英语易错题集锦 - - drink/ drinking

Be careful! The water is too hot. You'd better___ C___ it right now.

A. do not drink B. not to drink C. not drink D. not drinking

【考点】 You'd betterYou had better的缩略式。 sb had better (not) do sth为一常用句型,意为“某人最好(不)去做某事”,请大家务必关注其否定结构。

182. We found___ A____ necessary to protect the environment.

A. it B. this C. that D. what

【考点】“主语+ find+ it+ adj. + to do sth”为一常用句型,意为“某人发现做某事……”,其中 it为形式宾语(此时不可用 this/ that/ one等代词替换),真实的宾语为后置的不定式短语。

183..中文:从战争开始时他就一直在那里工作。

(误) He has worked there since the war has begun.

(正) He has worked there since the war began.

( since引导的从句表示过去的某时间点,应用一般过去时。)

184. 中文:他去年离开家我就一直没有见过他。

误) He left home last year and I did not see him since.

(正) He left home last year and I haven\ ' t seen him since.

( since后面省去的是 he left home last year,前面的句子要用完成时。)

185. 中文:我去看他们的时候他们在吃晚餐。

(误) They had supper when I went to see them.

(正) They were having supper when I went to see them.

(他们在吃晚餐是在过去我去看他们的时间某一点上正进行的动作,应用过去进行时。)

中文:她两个月前去澳洲了,她许多年前到过那里。

(误) She went to Australia two months ago. She has been there many years before.(正) She went to Australia two months ago. She had been there many years before.( many years before是从过去的某时之前算起的,表示过去的过去,要和过去完成时连用。)

186. Neither he nor you is good at English.(×)

Neither he nor you are good at English.(√)

析: either... or...neither... nor...not only...but also...等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致原则”,即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。

187. I can't help_____ the house this afternoon

A. sweeping B. sweep C. swept D. with sweep

B易错选 A,学生误用了短语 cant help v-ing但此题不是“忍不住”之意,而是“不能帮……”之意。

188. The lift is used to____ up and down every day.

A. going B. went C. go D. gone

C.易错选 A,学生是根据短语 be used to v-ing(习惯于…)做出的选择。但此题的 be used to是被动语态,不是“习惯于…”而是“被用来做……”。

189. My pen____ better than yours. I may lend it to you.

A. is written B. wrote C. writes D. is writing

C易错选 A,学生认为“物”作主语时,应用被动语态。但此句中并不是 pen“被写”,不能用被动形式。

190.____ my visit to France, I arrived____ Paris the first.

A. At, in B. On, at C. During, to D. In, on

B易错选 A,学生的根据是巴黎是大地方所以应用介词 in但根据此题之意,巴黎是“我”访问法国的第一站而非目的地。在“我”的访问的行程中,巴黎只是旅途中的一个“点”,故宜用 at

191.Could you tell them____?Of course, she lives in Shanghai Road. (昆明市)

A. where Lily livesB. where Lily livedC. where did Lily liveD. where to live in

A易错选 B,学生一看到 could,就认为应该选过去时 lived但此题是表示委婉语气,故用一般现在时

192. He hasn't heard from his friend____ last month.

A. since B. by the end of C. for D. until

A易错选 BD notuntil,和 last month应与过去的某种时态,而不是现在的某种时态连用。

193. I didn't buy the dictionary yesterday____ my aunt would give me one. (河南)

A. until B. because C. if D. before

B易错选 A,学生只是根据固定搭配 notuntil来选择,而没有去理解该句的意思。句意为因为姑姑要给我买一本,所以我不买了,是因果关系,不是时间关系。

194____ is your father?The tall man with a pair of glasses under the tree.

A. Who B. Where C. What D. Which

【解析】此题陷阱选项为 ABC如果不看语境把四个选项代入句中意思都很通顺。答语意为“树底下那个戴着眼镜的高个子男人”。由此可知问句的意思应该为“哪一个是你父亲”。因此正确答案为 D

195What would you like to drink?It doesnt matter. _______ will do.

A. Nothing B. Everything C. Something D. Anything

【解析】如果不看语境把四个选项代入句中意思都很通。其实,这里的语境为“你想喝点什么”“没关系,任何东西都行”。正确答案为 D

196. What is your favourite_______?Summer. I can go swimming at that time.

A. festival B. season C. month D. weather

【解析】如果不看语境,四个选项代入句中意思都很通顺。由答语可知问句所问的是最喜爱哪个季节,因此正确答案为 B

197. It’s_______ hot_______ cold all the year round in Kunming. It’s calledSpring City.

A. either, or B. neither, nor C. both, and D. neither, or

【解析】此题陷阱选项为 AC这是由于忽略语境造成的。如果不看下文中的 It’s calledSpring City. ”那么从语法角度来看 ABC三项都没有错。但在这里只有 B项才符合语境要表达的意思。正确答案为 B

198. Dont throw waste paper on the ground. Please_______.

A. pick them up B. pick up them C. pick it up D. pick up it

【解析】此题陷阱选项为 A这是由于忽略语境造成的,如果不注意上文中的 waste paper,就很可能误选为 A由于 waste paper是不可数名词,应该用 it来代替,故正确答案为 C

199. 1. Mr Li said,“ Dont make such a mistake again, Tim.” (改为间接引语)

Mr Li told Jim__________________ such a mistake again.

not to make直接引语为否定祈使句时,若改为间接引语,用 ask/ tell sb not to do sth句型,注意其中的 Dont改成了 not to

200. Why didnt she pass the exam? I want to know... (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

I want to know__________________ pass the exam

why, she didnt注意宾语从句的词序与陈述句的词序相同,所以要说 she didnt