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have作实义动词

1.表示“有”的意思

Look, I have wings, just like you.

He had fair hair and blue eyes.

〔注 1〕:其否定和疑问形式变化,在美国通常用助动词 do

〔注 2〕:在英国口语中常用 have got代替 have.

Look, cant you see I&# 39; ve got teeth, too,

I haven&# 39; t got any jewelry.

2. have和一些其他名词连用,表示:

( 1)一种活动。

We have no classes on Sunday.(上课)

they’re going to have a volleyball match.(举行比赛)

Are we going to have a meeting this week?(开会)

We are going to have a talk this afternoon.(听报告)

( 2)患病。

I have got a headache.

I have a bad cold.

( 3)发生的情况。

I&# 39; ve had so many falls that I&# 39; m black and blue all over.(跌跤)

( 4)生育。

The queen ant may have tens of thousands of babies in one summer.

3.和一与动词同形的名词连用,表示一个动作( havea+由动词转化和名词)

Are you going to have a swim.

I have a long talk with the teacher.

4. have on sth.have sth. on,表示“穿着”、“戴着”(= to be wearing)

I noticed he had on bedroom slippers.

At the ball Motile had a diamond necklace on.

5.表示“吃”、“喝”

I wanted to have a cup of tea and some eggs.

Does she have lunch at home?

6.组成复合结构即“ have+宾语+宾语补足语”

( 1)不加 to的动词不定式作宾语补足语( have sb. do sth.),表示让、叫某人做某事。

The soldier had him stand with his back to his father.

〔注〕:否定结构表示“不能让…”或“从未有人…”

We won&# 39; t have you blame it on others.

She had never had anybody speak to her that way before.

( 2)现在分词作宾语补足语( have sb.( sth.) doing),表示让(使)某人做某事。

the two men had their lights burning all night long….

( 3)过去分词作宾语补足语( have sb. ( sth.) done),表示:

①使(让,请)别人作某事,表示的动作是别人做的。

Emperor Qin Shi Huang had all the walls joined up.

he should have new clothes made of this splendid cloth for the coming great procession.

②遭遇到某事。

Workers in some industries have their hearing harmed by the noise of the machine.